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Inflation Nightmare: 401(k) Hardship Withdrawals Skyrocket, Americans Struggle



Clear Facts

  • A growing number of Americans are making emergency withdrawals from their 401(k) retirement plans due to high inflation.
  • About 18,040 workers made a “hardship” withdrawal during the three-month period from July to September 2023, a 27% increase from the beginning of the year.
  • High inflation has rapidly eroded purchasing power, leading to increased reliance on savings and credit card debt.

A growing number of Americans are making emergency withdrawals from their 401(k) retirement plans to cover a financial emergency amid chronically high inflation, according to new data from Bank of America. About 18,040 workers taking part in employer-sponsored 401(k) plans made a “hardship” withdrawal during the three-month period from July to September 2023, according to Bank of America’s analysis of clients’ employee benefits programs, which tracks about 4 million accounts. This marks an increase of about 13% from the end of June and 27% from the beginning of the year.

Hardship withdrawals allow workers to tap their 401(k) for an “immediate and heavy financial need.” Individuals who make these types of withdrawals owe income tax on the money and could be hit with a 10% early withdrawal fee if they are under the age of 59½. However, the penalty can be waived if workers provide adequate evidence that the money is being used for a qualified hardship, such as a medical expense.

Someone who takes a hardship withdrawal also cannot pay it back to their 401(k) and cannot roll that money into another retirement savings account. Americans are pulling out on average about $5,070, which is comparable to hardship withdrawals in both the second and first quarters. “More participants took a hardship distribution compared to last quarter and compared to this time last year,” the report said. “And we saw an increase in health savings account contributions being used to pay for current health care expenses, as opposed to saving for future expenses.”

The increase in workers tapping their 401(k)s for emergency purposes comes as they confront stubbornly high inflation that has rapidly eroded their purchasing power. The government reported last month that the consumer price index, a broad measure of the price of goods, including gasoline, groceries, and rents, rose 3.7% in September compared with the previous year. Although the gauge is down from a peak of 9.1%, it remains above the pre-pandemic average.

On top of that, there are other signs of underlying inflationary pressures within the economy, with core prices running at a pace more than twice the Fed’s 2% target. Americans are increasingly relying on their savings and racking up credit card debt to pay for necessities. The Federal Reserve is expected to report on Tuesday that total credit card debt hit a fresh record at the end of September in data dating to 2003. The rise in credit card usage and debt is particularly concerning because interest rates are astronomically high right now.

Clear Thoughts

Americans are being forced to raid their 401(k) retirement plans due to the ongoing inflation crisis. The Biden administration’s reckless spending and failure to address economic challenges have driven up costs, leaving hardworking citizens to suffer the consequences. The surge in hardship withdrawals, coupled with rising credit card debt, paints a grim picture for the future of American families.

It’s time for the government to take responsibility and implement policies that protect citizens’ financial well-being, instead of pushing them further into debt and jeopardizing their retirement dreams.

Let us know what you think, please share your thoughts in the comments below.




  1. Nolan Welch

    November 16, 2023 at 7:32 pm

    That’s so nice for the media to let us know that everybody is going broke. Geesh….none of it would have guessed it. Social Security is giving a big 3.2 cola raise but raising the cost of Medicare A @ B to $174.70 a month. We all will have enough money to buy a brand new E/V that the government wants everybody to buy. lol. Even the homeless is going broke.

  2. George

    November 24, 2023 at 6:54 pm

    Biden’s policies are killing EVERYBODY! He wants us all to live like the Russians in Dr. Zhivago! Americans are struggling to just EXIST! Taxes, food, energy, housing costs are all out of sight. All “he” does is vacation while the rest of us are racking up credit card debt, pulling from 401K’s, retirement savings and barely making ends meet. This guy has got to go in 2024!

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